When the Phillips CD-i was first introduced in 1991, it was not advertised as a gaming console, but as a multimedia product to promote the CD format. Low sales caused Philips to try promoting it as a game console three years later.
The CD-i started out as a CD add-on for the SNES, before being canceled. Before it was canceled, Nintendo gave Phillips the right to make games with their characters, which lead to the creation of three Zelda games, Hotel Mario (along with two canceled Mario games), and a canceled Donkey Kong game.